ANALISIS DAMPAK ADIKSI INTERNET PADA MEDIA SOSIAL TWITTER DI INDONESIA DENGAN PENDEKATAN TEORI KOMUNIKASI

Nadya Berliana Putri, Nada Arina Romli

Abstrak


Abstrak

Twitter merupakan salah satu platform media sosial terkemuka di seluruh dunia. Di Indonesia sendiri, penggunaannya sangat luas mulai dari update status, hiburan sampai berbisnis. Tak heran, berbagai kalangan sangat senang menggunakan media sosial ini. Namun, terdapat dampak dari penggunaan yang terus menerus. Maka dari itu, penulisan artikel ilmiah ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak adiksi internet pada media sosial  Twitter di Indonesia dengan pendekatan teori komunikasi. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Teori Komunikasi Media Baru oleh Daniel Harries dan Teori Komunikasi Interpersonal oleh Young Yun Kim dan William Gudykunst. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah dengan pendekatan kualitatif dimana teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kajian pustaka yang memfokuskan pada data sekunder. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Twitter memanfaatkan proses pembelajaran berbasis bakat alami kita yaitu pemicu, perilaku, dan penghargaan. Kita memiliki ide atau memikirkan sesuatu yang lucu (pemicu), tweet (perilaku), dan menerima likes dan retweet (hadiah). Proses belajar ini menyebabkan aliran dopamin di pusat-pusat otak. Semakin banyak kita melakukan ini, semakin perilaku ini semakin diperkuat bahkan karena kuatnya kebanyakan orang memilih untuk tidak tidur (atau susah tidur) karena euforia yang dirasakan.

Kata-kata kunci: Adiksi internet; perilaku; media sosial; teori komunikasi; twitter.

Abstract

Twitter is one of the leading social media platforms throughout the world. In Indonesia, its use is very wide ranging from status updates, entertainment, to business. Not surprisingly, various groups are very happy to use social media. However, there is an impact of continuous use. Therefore, the writing of this article aims to analyze the impact of internet addiction on Twitter's social media in Indonesia with a communication theory approach. Theories used in this research are New Media Communication Theory by Daniel Harries and Interpersonal Communication Theory by Young Yun Kim and William Gudykunst. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach where data collection techniques use literature review that focuses on secondary data. The results of this study indicate that Twitter makes use of our natural talent-based learning process, namely triggers, behaviors, and rewards. We have ideas or think of something funny (triggers), tweet (behavior), and receive likes and retweets (gifts). This learning process causes the flow of dopamine in the centers of the brain. The more we do this, the more amplified this behavior is, even because most people choose not to sleep (or have trouble sleeping) because of the euphoria they feel.

Keywords:  Internet addiction; behavior; social media; communication theory; twitter.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52434/jk.v7i1.905

DOI (DOWNLOAD PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.52434/jk.v7i1.905.g911

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